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The Kiowa are a Plains Indians who speak a Kiowa-Tanoan language. Kiowa tradition speaks of a migration in the company of the Kiowa APACHE into the Plains from the headwaters of the Missouri River during the 18th century. At that time they were organized in 10 independent bands and numbered an estimated 3,000. The ARAPAHO, CHEYENNE, and Dakota (SIOUX) pushed them out of the Black Hills region southwestward into their historic range along the headwaters of the Arkansas, Cimarron, Canadian, and Red rivers.

There they met and at first fought the COMANCHE, but, from c.1790, Kiowa and Comanche shared territories and together raided settlements in Texas and New Mexico. Their raids furnished horses and mules for trade with northern Plains tribes. Although the Kiowa accepted a restricted range between the Washita and Red rivers at the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867, tribal resistance continued. Since 1875, however, the Kiowa have adapted to reservation life in Oklahoma.

Additional Kiowa Sites

Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma v. Hoover

This is a Landmark decision enforcing the boundaries of the Kiowa Nation,
handed down on July 13, 1998.

For more information concerning this important court decision,
please go to this web site.

A friend of mine, Jenny Geionety sent me this information.
Her father, Eugene R. Geionety was involved in the research porcedures of this case.

He can be reached at:

P.O. Box 815
Carnegie, OK  73015.

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The Indigenous Peoples' Literature pages were researched and organized by Glenn Welker.