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Dear Teacher

Before you take charge of the classroom that contains my child, please ask yourself why you are going to teach Indian children. What are your expectations? What rewards do you anticipate? What ego-needs will our children meet?

Write down and examine all the information and opinions you possess about Indians. What are the stereotypes and untested assumptions that you bring with you into the classroom? How many negative attitudes towards Indians will you put before my child? What values, class prejudices, and moral principles do you take for granted as universal? Please remember that `different from' is not the same as `worse than,' and the yardstick you use to measure your own life satisfactorily may not be appropriate for their lives.

The term `culturally deprived' was invented by well-meaning middle-class whites to describe something they could not understand. Too many teachers, unfortunately, seem to see their role as rescuer. My child does not need to be rescued; he does not consider being Indian a misfortune. He has a culture, probably older than yours; he has meaningful values and a rich and varied experiential background. However strange or incomprehensible it may seem to you, you have no right to do or say anything that implies to him that it is less than satisfactory.

Our children's experiences have been different from those of the `typical' white middle-class child for whom curricula seem to have been designed. (I suspect that this `typical' child does not exist except in the minds of currriculum writers.) Nonetheless, my child's experiences have been as intense and meaningful to him as any child's. Like most Indian children his age, he is competent. He can dress himself, prepare a meal for himself, clean up afterwards, care for a younger child. He knows his Reserve, all of which is his home, like the back of his hand.

He is not accustomed to having to ask permission to do the ordinary things that are part of normal living. He is seldom forbidden to do anything; more usually the consequences of an action are explained to him and he is allowed to decide for himself whether or not to act. His entire existence since he has been old enough to see and hear has been an experiential learning situation, arranged to provide him with the opportunity to develop his skills and confidence in his own capacities.

Didactic teaching will be an alien experience for him. He is not self-conscious in the way many white children are. Noboby has ever told him that efforts towards independence are cute. He is a young human being energetically doing his job, which is to get on with the process of learning to function as an adult human being. He will respect you as a person, but will expect you to do likewise to him. He is taught by precept that courtesy is an essential part of human conduct and rudeness is any action that makes another person feel stupid or foolish. Do not mistake his patient courtesy for indifference or passivity.

He doesn't speak standard English, but he is in no way `linguistically handicapped.' If you will take the time and courtesy to listen and observe carefully, you will see that he and the other Indian children communicate very well, both among themselves and with other Indians. They speak `functional English,' augmented very effectively by their fluency in the silent language -- the subtle, unspoken communication of facial expressions, gestures, body movements, and the use of personal space.

You will be well advised to remember that our children are skilful interpreters of the silent language. They will know your feelings and attitudes with unerring precision no matter how carefully you arrange your smile or modulate your voice. They will learn in your classroom, because children learn voluntarily. What they will learn will depend on you.

Will you help my children to read, or will you teach that he has a reading problem? Will you help him develop problem solving skills, or will you teach him that school is where you try to guess what answer the teacher wants?

Will he learn that his sense of his own value and dignity is valid, or will he learn that he must forever be apologetic and `trying harder' because he isn't white? Can you help him acquire the intellectual skills he needs without at the same time imposing your values on top of those he already has?

Yours very sincerely

His Mother

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The Indigenous Peoples' Literature pages were researched and organized by Glenn Welker.